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"Тrauma" Том 20, №4, 2019

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The evolution of the total knee arthroplasty for the last 50 years

Authors: Зазірний І.М., Рижков Б.
Клінічна лікарня «Феофанія» ДУС, м. Київ, Україна

Categories: Traumatology and orthopedics

Sections: Specialist manual

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Summary

Сучасне ендопротезування колінного суглоба бере свій початок у 1970-х роках, коли були розроблені тотальні анатомічні кондилярні (виросткові) імплантати Інсала, Ранавата, Скотта та Ковентрі. За 50 років після цього видатного ортопедичного досягнення важливо проаналізувати технічний прогрес в ендопротезуванні колінного суглоба. Цей огляд присвячений розвитку ендопротезування колінного суглоба за останній період. Зокрема, огляд висвітлює тенденції в епідеміології, досягнення в галузі розробки імплантатів, а також нові технології з акцентом на проектування й імплантацію за допомогою цифрових технологій.

Современное эндопротезирование коленного сустава берет свое начало в 1970-х годах, когда были разработаны тотальные анатомические кондилярные (мыщелковые) имплантаты Инсала, Ранавата, Скотта и Ковентри. Через 50 лет после этого выдающегося ортопедического достижения важно проанализировать технический прогресс в эндопротезировании коленного сустава. Этот обзор посвящен развитию эндопротезирования коленного сустава за последний период. В частности, обзор освещает тенденции в эпидемиологии, достижения в области разработки имплантатов, а также новые технологии с акцентом на проектирование и имплантацию с помощью цифровых технологий.

The modern knee replacement dated back to the 1970s, from the development of the total anatomical condylar implants of Insal, Ranavat, Scott and Coventry. It is important to analyze the technical progress in the total knee arthroplasty 50 years after this outstanding orthopedic achievement. This review is devoted to the development of ideas for total knee arthroplasty during the last period. In particular, the review deals with the trends in epidemiology, advances in the development of implants, as well as new technologies with an emphasis on design and implantation through digital technology.


Keywords

тотальне ендопротезування колінного суглоба; конструкція імплантатів; комп’ютер-асистоване тотальне ендопротезування колінного суглоба

тотальное эндопротезирование коленного сустава; конструкция имплантатов; компьютер-ассистированное тотальное эндопротезирование коленного сустава

total knee arthroplasty; implant design; computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty


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